Excavations are underway on the 4,000-year-old Bronze Age burial cairn known as ‘Bryn Celli Ddu Bach’ on the British island of Anglesey, located off the north coast of Wales. Anglesey is famous for its association with the Druids, a mysterious order of Celtic sorcerers, healers and astrologers. The cairn sits within a complex ritual landscape that is rich with megalithic monuments and ancient structures.
The North Wales Chronicle reports that the burial mound, which sets next to the famous, 5,000-year-old passage tomb of Bryn Celli Dhu, is under excavation until July 7. Researchers have already found panels of rock art, evidence of cremation, bone, flint tools, pits and prehistoric pottery sherds. What lies buried deeper within the mound still remains to be seen.
“The Bryn Celli Ddu site is a really complicated landscape, it appears to have been used as ritual landscape for thousands of years after it was first built,” Seren Griffiths, one of the dig directors, told North Wales Chronicle. “Generations of people would have known of its significance, we see a lot of superimposition of human activity on the site.”
The Celtic Druids arrived on Anglesey about two millennia after the construction of Bryn Celli Ddu, adding to the long and rich history of the island.
“People have been coming back to this landscape over thousands of years,” University of Cardiff archaeologist Ffion Reynolds told Live Science. “They were adding their own mark onto the landscape.”