In Egypt, the Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities has announced a major discovery in Sinai. Dr. Moustafa Waziri has announced that an Egyptian team of archaeologists has unearthed a two towers of a castle or fortified structure that dates from the 26th Dynasty. The find is important as it will not only enable a greater understanding of the development of Egyptian fortresses but also provide insights into the strategic importance of the Sinai region in ancient times.
The discovery was made in the north of Sinai at a site that is known as Tell El-Kadwa. The Sinai Peninsula was very important to the defense of Ancient Egypt as it was a frontier area where the pharaoh’s army would attempt to halt any invasion from the area that is now Israel. There is evidence that successive pharaoh’s built many forts in the desert region to protect the Egyptian heartland from invasion. According to the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, the Ancient Egyptians had established an ‘eastern frontier defense network’ in Sinai since at least the Middle Kingdom.
According to the ministry facebook, this fort represents ‘Egypt’s eastern gate, and the only fortress in control of the entry and exit process during the Zionist era’.