Aethelflaed, also known as the Lady of the Mercians, was an Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia who lived between the 9th and 10th centuries AD. When Aethelflaed was still a child, the Vikings controlled a large part of England. Their territory, known as the Danelaw, was located in the northern and eastern parts of England, and three of the four major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (East Anglia, Mercia, and Northumbria) had fallen to the Vikings….but things would change.
Although this was the political situation in England when Aethelflaed was growing up, by the time of her death the Vikings were slowly being pushed back, and Aethelflaed played an important role in the Anglo-Saxon fight against the invaders.
Æthelflæd -Lady of the Mercians. (Tim Ellis/CC BY NC 2.0)