Underwater archaeologists in Peru have discovered an ancient stone box containing treasures pertaining to an “alternative” sacrificial ritual, they reveal in a study to be published in Antiquity tomorrow.
The Inca Empire dominated the Andes mountains of southwest South America during the 15th and 16th centuries until the arrival of Spanish conquistadors, and Lake Titicaca was the mythological place of Inca origin where the god Viracocha resided. And the Lake’s Island of the Sun was the No 1 pilgrimage spot in the Inca empire where Viracocha’s son, the Sun god Inti emerged to bring the world from darkness.
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep, freshwater lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the “highest navigable lake” in the world and underwater excavations at Puncu on the southern shore of the Island of the Sun indicate the lake level during the Inca period (after AD 1440) was the same as in 2014.
On the K’akaya reef close to the north-eastern shore of the lake, archaeologists have discovered a stone box containing miniature votive figurines of gold, silver and shell that were submerged in the great lake as “ritual offerings.”